Preserved myocardial blood flow and oxygen
supply-demand balance with active coronary perfusion during simulated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
Methods: In anesthetized dogs regional myocardial blood flow (microspheres), oxygen consumption, lactate extraction, and systolic shortening (sonomicrometry) were measured in the myocardium served by the left anterior descending coronary artery with native perfusion after interposition of a 2.25−mm shunt (90% of left anterior descending diameter) and during active coronary perfusion with a constant flow pump. Measurements were made under normotension and hypotension produced by partial caval occlusion to reduce arterial pressure by 50%.
Results: Interposition of the shunt reduced blood flow by 67.8%, regional oxygen delivery by 59.8%, and systolic shortening by 45.6% relative to baseline, but lactate extraction (31.0% vs 31.2%) and oxygen
Conclusion: Intraluminal shunts may impede oxygen delivery to the target myocardium, which precipitates regional ischemia during transient hypotension. Active coronary perfusion provides adequate oxygen supply independent of systemic blood pressure.