Determinants of maximal right ventricular function: Role of septal shift
Methods and Results: In vivo studies were conducted in 12 dogs by using a highly defined, isovolumic right heart preparation. At any given arterial pressure, maximal right ventricular developed pressure was not influenced by left heart output; however, right ventricular volumes at which peak right ventricular developed pressure occurred differed significantly between
Conclusions: Right ventricular function has multiple determinants, including the right ventricular free wall, the left ventricle, and the interventricular septum. Changes in right ventricular performance caused by alterations in left ventricular volume load and mean arterial pressure are mediated partially through the interventricular septum, as well as through perfusion of the right ventricular free wall; inactivation of the interventricular septum leads to a significant decrease in right ventricular function. Maintaining left ventricular developed pressure and hence the contribution of the interventricular septum to right ventricular function may be important in the management of right ventricular failure.