Improved right heart function after myocardial preservation with 2,3−butanedione 2−monoxime in a porcine model of allogenic heart transplantation
Methods: Donor hearts of domestic pigs were arrested with BDM in Krebs solution (n = 7) and with BDM in Bretschneider's
Results: Maximal right ventricular developed pressures were significantly different after 2 hours of reperfusion (UW: 35 ± 13 mm Hg; HTK: 47 ± 8 mm Hg; Krebs+BDM: 49 ± 9 mm Hg; HTK+BDM: 50 ± 6 mm Hg; P = .04). Hearts subjected to BDM could be loaded with a significantly increased volume after 1 hour and after 2 hours (UW: 57 ± 10 mL vs HTK: 43 ± 8 mL vs Krebs+BDM: 70 ± 10 mL vs HTK+BDM: 67 ± 15 mL; P = .002). Postischemic right ventricular enddiastolic compliance was significantly increased in groups treated with BDM after 1 hour (P = .02) and after 2 hours (P = .039).
Conclusions: The drug BDM significantly improves right ventricular function in a heart transplantation model. The increase in volume load and developed right ventricular pressure achieved by BDM application would translate into a decreased risk of right ventricular failure after clinical transplantation.