01 июля 2002 00:00 |
Surgery as part of combined modality treatment in stage
IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
Background. The role of surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage
IIIB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear.
Methods. A prospective multicenter trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery or radiotherapy or both was conducted with 41 patients with stage IIIB NSCLC. End points were toxicity, response, downstaging, complete resectability, and survival. The diagnostic value of repeat mediastinoscopy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (three courses of gemcitabine/cisplatin) was also studied.
Results. Response rate after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 66% (27 of 41). Fifteen patients underwent repeat mediastinoscopy, which proved to be inadequate in 6 patients. Two repeat mediastinoscopies were false negative. Resection was performed in 18 patients, of which 10 proved to be radical. Hospital mortality was 2.4% (n = 1). Major complications occurred in 6 patients (fistula, empyema, hemorrhage). Histopathologically proven downstaging was seen in 16 patients (39%).
Twenty-five patients underwent radiotherapy of whom 14 were diagnosed with stable/progressive disease and 9 with partial/complete response. Median survival for all patients was 15.1 months, for nonresponders 8.4 months and for responders 16.8 months (p = 0.11). Patients with partial/complete response had a mean survival of 21.5 months after resection and 13.0 months after radiotherapy (p = 0.0003).
Conclusions. Radical surgery can be performed in 37% (10 of 27) of the responders resulting in a prolonged survival. Surgery as part of combined modality treatment is feasible in stage IIIB NSCLC. Results of a repeat mediastinoscopy are disappointing and proved
to be a not-so-effective restaging tool because of the high number of incomplete procedures and because it yields false negative results.