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ЗАДАТЬ ВОПРОС РЕДАКТОРУ РАЗДЕЛА (ответ в течение нескольких дней)

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19 июня 2002 00:00   |   Lars Englberger, MD*a, Beat Kipfer, MDa, Pascal A. Berdat, MDa, Urs E. Nydegger, MDa, Thierry P. Carrel, MDa

Aprotinin in coronary operation with cardiopulmonary bypass: does «low-dose» aprotinin inhibit the inflammatory response?

Background. Cardiopulmonary bypass induces a systemic inflammatory response. Aprotinin, a nonspecific proteinase inhibitor is known to improve postoperative hemostasis and may modify the inflammatory reaction. This study evaluates the effects of low-dose aprotinin on inflammatory markers in patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting.
Methods. Patients were prospectively randomized into two groups: the control group © (n = 14) and the low-dose aprotinin group (A) (n = 15) with (2 x 106 KIU = 280 mg) aprotinin added to the pump prime. Cytokine response (interleukin-6, soluble TNF II receptor), terminal complement production (SC5b−9), and neutrophil activation (lactoferrin) were assessed up to 6 hours postoperatively. Clinical data and hemostatic factors including fibrinopeptide A, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimer, and plasmin/ 2−antiplasmin were investigated. 
Results. In both study groups, a significant increase of all inflammatory markers was seen (IL-6, sTNF-IIR, SC5b−9, lactoferrin), p less than 0.001. Peak levels of complement production occurred after protamine administration, whereas cytokine increases were more pronounced postoperatively with marked elevation up to 6 hours. The markers did not differ significantly between groups throughout the study period (p > 0.05 at each time of determination). However, after protamine administration reduced fibrinolysis (D-dimer, plasmin/ 2−antiplasmin) was detected in group A. Measurements for coagulation (fibrinopeptide A, thrombin-antithrombin complex) were not significantly influenced by aprotinin. The total amount of blood loss during the first 24 hours was significantly reduced in group A (p < 0.02). 
ConclusionsLow-dose aprotinin added to the pump prime does not inhibit the inflammatory response caused by cardiopulmonary bypass, but improves postoperative hemostasis. A potential effect of high-dose aprotinin on inflammatory markers remains to be elucidated. 



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